LOCAL PRODUCTION OF ALCOHOL BASED HAND SANITIZERS
This project was drafted to improve the COVID-19 Infection Control measures.
This project was initially drafted to improve the viability of Infection Control measures which would eventually lead to lower rates of infection that is a factor in Antimicrobial Stewardship.
However, we have applied it for management of Novel COVID 19 and it is proving very helpful for our country.
Due to the current pandemic, applying correct Infection Prevention Control (IPC) principles has become so important that our lives have started to depend on it.
Our team has a keen interest however, on Infection Prevention Control (IPC) practices. This is because IPC plays a vital role in preventing the spread of COVID 19.
According to WHO, there are approximately 1.4million cases of Hospital Acquired Infections (HAI) at any given time worldwide; with a double to twenty fold risk in developing countries. As of today, we are clocking a count of millions of lives lost to one of these.
Our intervention is focused on hand hygiene as a tool for IPC. This is because hand hygiene has proved the best way to stop infection considering 80% of infections are spread through hands (BC- Centre for Disease Control). Hand hygiene is therefore key in prevention of hospital acquired infections which more likely to be caused by drug resistant pathogens. There are 5 moments of hand hygiene
• Before touching a patient
• Before aseptic procedures
• After body fluid exposure/risk
• After touching a patient
• After touching patient surroundings.
The project focuses on strengthening the culture of hand hygiene through education of a focus group of vulnerable members of the hospital community; specifically the trainees. This is because during the National IPC assessment that students were among the major categories that were prone to improper hand hygiene convention.
Another major cause of non-compliance to the 5 moments of hand hygiene is inadequate resources like disinfectants required in low resource settings. This is because national supplies often run out in the first month of acquiring them, theft and improper management. All these result in a non-sustainable IPC model.
Our team is interested in promoting local preparation of the hand sanitizers using available and affordable materials among the communities. These are set to supplement quarterly supplies from the government in- order to promote sustainability.
This involves training the focal members of the already existing IPC teams on how to prepare the hand sanitizers. This was demonstrated on the national hand hygiene day; however it was never implemented. Furthermore, the raw materials like alcohol used were not locally available in most rural communities. These raw ingredients are 96% alcohol (prepared from sorghum), 3% hydrogen peroxide, 98% glycerol and distilled water. This would reduce the cost of acquiring commercially already constituted sanitizer by about six times (WHO 2010).
Crude alcohol is a timeless delicacy in African communities and has taken on a variety of indigenous names according to the region i.e, kwete, marwa, e.t.c. Traditional breweries are popular social and economic cradles in most communities. With such a strong history, the medical field could take advantage of this.
Sorghum is our focal plant due its versatility. It can be grown as a grain, forage or sweet crop and considered one of the top five cereal crops in the world. It is also drought tolerant and environmentally friendly. Due to its wide uses and adaptation, “sorghum is one of the really indispensable crops” required for the survival of humankind (From Jack Harlan, 1971).
- Raising capital
What we need help with
There is no awareness of how the virus should be treated or tested for. There is also a lack of clarity on how to identify infection and whether there is a vaccine. It is recommended that this information should be included in future messaging given that peoples are largely mistrustful when Health facilities only prescribe paracetamol even though this can often be the appropriate course of medical action. We can reduce the chances of being infected or spreading COVID-19 by taking some activities. The project will also be able to contribute to understand the planners; policy makers, practitioners and administrators to chalk out appropriate, meaningful and realistic steps through developing effective plan of action in terms of strategy and intervention for the welfare of the disadvantaged peoples. It is alarming of a nation. On the other hand, there is no Medicine/treatment about evil COVID19 diseases. For this, the organization has taken many kinds of programs to prevent COVID-19. Because prevention is better than cure. Our aims to raise general awareness particularly young, student, adolescent, mass peoples, overseas migrant workers etc to reducing the spread of COVID-19. Uganda has confirmed 4,000 new cases of the novel coronavirus and no death has been reported in the last 24 hours, as of 18th July 2020. While we are still learning about how COVID-2019 affects people, older persons and persons with pre-existing medical conditions (such as high blood pressure, heart disease, lung disease, cancer or diabetes) appear to develop serious illness more often than others. We can channel our concerns into actions to protect ourselves, our loved ones and our communities. First and foremost, among these actions is regular and thorough hand-washing and good respiratory hygiene. Secondly, keep informed and follow the advice of the local health authorities including any restrictions put in place on travel, movement and gatherings.
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- In Progress