Livelihood Assistance to South Sundanese Refugees

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Livelihood Assistance to South Sundanese Refugees Teenage mothers in West Nile Affected by COVID 19


AYADO is proposing a project titled “Livelihood Assistance to South Sundanese Refugees Teenage mothers in West Nile” The project shall be implemented in Rhino Refugee Settlement (Omugo Extension) in Terego District, West Nile Region. The project goal is to improve household food security and economic self-reliance of teenage mothers’ refugees and host population impregnated as a result of schools lock down due to COVID 19. In total 500 teenage mothers’ households (350 refugees and 150 host) will be supported on agricultural production and productivity improvement, financial inclusion, skills and enterprise development. The project will sensitize and encourage the targeted teenage mothers to form a total of 20 Saving and Development Clusters (SDCs), each comprising of 25 members. It is expected that improved productivity and revolving fund in savings groups will boost the economic resilience among these girls by injecting much needed cash directly to local host community and refugees. Additional spill-over effects are expected to non-beneficiaries who will provide labour and other services, hence promoting social cohesion and encouraging cooperation around economic opportunities among vulnerable unemployed, poor and abandoned refugee teenage mothers in northern Uganda.

Project Goal: To improve food security and economic self-reliance among 500 vulnerable, abandoned and unemployed teenage mothers in Omugo refugees camp and host population by the end of 2022.

Objective 1: To increase teenage mothers’ household income through enterprise development for vulnerable refugee and host population
Output: 500 teenage mothers’ (350 refugees, 150 hosts) with diversified income generating opportunities

Activities shall include:
1.1 Conduct inception meetings with Local leaders, targeted communities, district/sub-county officials and other stakeholders; AYADO shall conduct two inception meetings both at Omugo Sub County and community levels (Terego District) to share the project goals and objective. This will promote inclusiveness and awareness creation of the project and mode of implementation before the actual implementation commences. These dialogues will enable us to hear peoples’ views and opinions in regards to the project for inclusiveness and integration of ideas from different stakeholders for the project success. This enables us to mitigate risks that are likely to be realized during the project implementation period since all these are shared at the inception stage

1.2. Identification of beneficiaries: AYADO together with local leaders and stakeholders shall facilitate identification of 500 teenage mother’s beneficiaries’ selection based selection parameters (Orphans, teenage mothers’ living with chronic illnesses, teenage mothers’ at risk, disabled, school dropouts, SGBV survivors and foster parents’/care givers) (350 refugees and 150 hosts).

1.3. Deliver micro-business skills training: 500 selected beneficiaries shall be trained on Income Generating Activities, Business selection planning and management, using the business plan assessment and ensuring tailored sessions are conducted for illiterate participants. Beneficiaries will be guided to prepare business plans for micro-businesses and establish joint micro-businesses assessment for increased impact and enhanced sustainability. Project staff together with Terego District Commercial Officer will technically review business plans proposed by beneficiaries, and assess the feasibility of proposed value addition activities based on their viability to reach a break-even for consideration.

1.4. Support beneficiary groups with Apiary farming: West Nile Region is proven to be well suited for apiary enterprise. Based on our previous experience, apiary is ranked as one a high and viable enterprise in the region. A practical field-based training shall be conducted by an entomologists or agriculturalist or animal husbandry officer or experienced trained TOT. AYADO shall facilitate beneficiaries’ hands on training on a selected topic/s that shall be identified based on identified training needs areas e.g. selection of bee hives, siting, feeding, pest management, harvesting, processing, value addition, marketing. Model center for learning will be established at model farmer’s location to encourage others to adopt this enterprise. The model center will be used for further training and practical demonstrations. Upon training, 20 groups shall be supported with KTB beehives, harvest equipment and linked to Honey Pride for income generation.

1.5. Conduct training on records keeping and enterprise selection: This is to improve on their understanding of running enterprises, value for records and supporting them develop daily sales register to track business performances. This training shall be facilitated by an experienced and knowledgeable District Commercial Officer of Terego District.

1.6. Facilitate the development of business plans; 500 project beneficiaries shall be clustered into 20 groups of 25 members each and trained on group dynamics and life skills. Beneficiaries shall then undergo a five-days training to develop their business plans and will be guided to form groups and establish joint micro-businesses for increased impact and enhanced sustainability. The project staff together with District Commercial Officer will technically review business plans proposed by beneficiaries, and assess the feasibility of proposed value addition activities.

1.7. Support beneficiaries with livelihood alternatives/Income Generating Activities (IGAs): In order to create employment opportunities and enhance household income, AYADO shall conduct a demand-driven livelihood assessment amongst selected beneficiaries and support them develop business plans, then provide start-ups enterprises to boost their household income and promote empowerment amongst women according to their needs (e.g. bakery, saloon, soap making, beekeeping, mushroom farming, poultry, milling, goat rearing, poultry, tailoring). Selection of micro-business shall be dictated by the forces of demand and supply in Omugo sub county.

1.8. Support technical monitoring, coaching and mentorship of established businesses: Together with other development partners, Terego District officials, OPM and UNHCR, the project shall organize joint monitoring visits to teenage mothers’ groups on a quarterly basis to provide technical guidance for improved productivity. Emphasis shall be put on group audit, mentorship and ensure good record keeping and governance for better performance

Objective 2: To increase teenage mothers’ household agricultural production and productivity for teenage mothers’ groups.

Output: 500 teenage mothers’ households using improved farming inputs, technologies
2.1. Facilitate a five days training on agronomy; Refugees and host community in Omugo are known to be practicing rudimentary farming practices and are faced with low agricultural productivity and food insecurity. The project proposes to organize a five days hands-on training that shall be conducted to enable participants improve on their agricultural yields and productivity. The training shall be facilitated by Omugo Sub County Agricultural officer who will cover better farming methodologies that include: line planting, recommended spacing, nursery bed management, mulching, manure making, pruning and crop rotation for increased productivity.

2.2. Support procurement of vegetable and crop seeds: AYADO shall facilitate participants with planting seeds in consultation with the district agricultural department on drought resistant and disease tolerant varieties such as tomatoes, onions, cabbages, Narocas1, Sasame etc. This will support enhance food security at the household levels. Apparently, the 30% reduction of food rations by WFP in April 2019, has led to a major food shortage among teenage mothers’ beneficiaries. The project shall promote the use of modern farming practices like improved seeds, soil fertility management, and post-harvest handling, which will increase food production among project beneficiaries. Nationally, studies show that 18% of refugee households have low food consumption score and that 67% reported insufficient access to food for all the members of the household. With the food situation already precarious, in April 2020, WFP reduced food rations to refugees by 30%. The project shall increase food production for easy access to food and increased incomes. Additionally, by promoting the planting of different vegetable varieties and crops, the project shall improve nutrition leading to improved Minimum Dietary Diversity (MDD) index among beneficiaries by the end of 2021.

2.3. Support establishment of 5 Famer Field Schools: 5 Famer Field Schools shall be established (3 for refugee schools and 2 hosts) this is to promote knowledge acquisition and talent development among young school going girls at the same time enable them acquire crops to supplement on their school feeding program and nutrition.

2.4. Conduct hands training on organic pesticide making: To control pests and diseases in established project gardens, the project shall facilitate hands on training of project participants on organic pesticide making using locally available materials. This will be and easy and sustainable method because the materials used are locally available and vulnerable teenage mothers shall continue using these good practice acquired even after the project duration in their respective gardens.

2.5. Procurement of farming tools: In light to increase production and facilitate the process, the project shall procure hoes, pangas, gumboots and other farming tools to facilitate tillage and garden preparation activities.

Objective 3: To increase household income through financial inclusion, skills and enterprise development for vulnerable refugee and host populations via Village Savings and Loan Associations (VSLAs)

Output: 500 teenage mothers (350 refugees, 150 hosts) having improved access to micro-credit services through saving groups
3.1. Conduct training on financial literacy: This is a community-based training conducted by Community Development Officer form Omugo Sub county. Each of the 20 groups will be trained for a period of 2 days. Key topics to be covered will include how to invest, budgeting, loan management, financial risk management and how to set investment goals. The training is intended to prepare the SDCs to access more financial services (e.g. loan credit)
3.2. Facilitate training on group dynamics. This is a community based training that shall be conducted to facilitate social cohesion and equip group leaders with skills on conflict resolution and leadership to mitigate group disintegration during activity implementation.

3.3. Conduct life skills sessions: AYADO shall conduct this training to build beneficiaries’ resilience and coping ability. They shall be trained on themes such as: communication, time management, team work, gender equality/leadership, environmental protection, and other social cohesion related topics.

3.4. Facilitate training on Saving for Transformation/Village Savings and Loan Associations: One of the main challenges faced by teenage mothers’ in Omugo is definitely their inadequate access to financial services. In particular, teenage mothers’ encounter multiple challenges when trying to access funds for start-ups or upscaling of their enterprises. They face difficulties in meeting the eligibility criteria stipulated by financial service providers, such as documentation and collateral requirements. Furthermore, high transaction fees or excessive interest rates also restrict their access to finance. It’s against that background that the project shall cluster 500 teenage mothers’ beneficiaries into 20 VSLA groups, they will be trained and supported with saving kits to start saving and borrowing their money to run micro businesses thereby creating employment opportunities for themselves. This shall be a sustainable mechanism through which they can continue to access micro-business loans from their respective groups even after the project period.

Target country


Project type

  • Alleviation
  • Food
  • Wellbeing
  • Work & Productivity

Support needed

  • Raising capital

What we need help with

Support create livelihood options for vulnerable, abandoned teenage mothers in Omugo Refugee Settlement

Best way to get in touch


Project status

  • Just started